Public perceptions about pot have come a long way, via the dire warnings of “Reefer Madness” to growing acceptance of medical marijuana in addition to also also the legalization of recreational use.
Harry Anslinger was named commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics when This particular was established in 1930. While arguing for marijuana prohibition, he played on Americans’ fear of crime in addition to also also foreigners. He spun tales of people driven to insanity or murder after ingesting the drug in addition to also also spoke of the 2 to 3 tons of grass being produced in Mexico. “This particular, the Mexicans make into cigarettes, which they sell at two for 25 cents, mostly to white high school students,” Anslinger told Congress.
A poster advertises the 1936 scare film “Reefer Madness,” which described marijuana as a “violent narcotic” which first renders “sudden, violent, uncontrollable laughter” on its users before “dangerous hallucinations” in addition to also also then “acts of shocking violence … ending often in incurable insanity.”
Marijuana cigarettes are hidden in a book circa 1940. Congress passed the Marijuana Tax Act in 1937, effectively criminalizing the drug.
Even after Congress cracked down on marijuana in 1937, farmers were encouraged to grow the crop for rope, sails in addition to also also parachutes during World War II. The “Hemp for Victory” film was released in 1942 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
A woman buys ready-rolled marijuana cigarettes via a dealer at her door circa 1955.
Members of the Grateful Dead talk with reporters via their home in San Francisco on October 5, 1967. The band was protesting being arrested for marijuana possession.
U.S. Customs agents track the nationwide marijuana market during Operation Intercept, an anti-drug measure announced by President Nixon in 1969. The initiative intended to keep Mexican marijuana via entering the United States.
Research scientist Dr. Reese T. Jones, right, adjusts the electrodes monitoring a volunteer’s brain response to sound during an experiment in 1969 which used a controlled dosage of marijuana. The tests were conducted at the Langley Porter Institute at the University of California, San Francisco.
Marijuana use became more widespread inside the 1960s, reflecting the rising counterculture movement.
People share a joint during a 1969 concert in Portland, Oregon. In 1973, Oregon became the first state to decriminalize cannabis.
Police dogs trained to smell out hidden marijuana examine U.S. soldiers’ luggage at the airport during the Vietnam War in 1969. Drug use was widespread during the war.
Protesters wade inside the Reflecting Pool at the National Mall in Washington during the “Honor America Day Smoke-In” thrown by marijuana activists in response to the official “Honor America Day” rally organized by President Nixon supporters at the Lincoln Memorial on July 4, 1970.
Panel members of the National Commission on Marijuana in addition to also also Drug Abuse attend a hearing In Denver on January 10, 1972. via left, Dr. J. Thomas Ungerleider, psychiatrist; Michael R. Sonnenreich, commission executive director; Raymond P. Shafer, commission chairman; Mitchell Ware, Chicago attorney; Charles O. Galvin, Dallas law school dean. The commission’s findings favored ending marijuana prohibition in addition to also also adopting some other methods to discourage use, however the Nixon administration refused to implement its recommendations.
President Jimmy Carter, with his special assistant for health issues, Dr. Peter Bourne, beside him, talks to reporters at the White House about his drug abuse control message to Congress on August 2, 1977. Among some other things, he called for the elimination of all federal criminal penalties for the possession of up to one ounce of marijuana.
First lady Nancy Reagan participates in a drug education class at Island Park Elementary School on Mercer Island, Washington, on February 14, 1984. She later recalled, “A little girl raised her hand in addition to also also said, ‘Mrs. Reagan, what do you do if somebody offers you drugs?’ in addition to also also I said, ‘Well, you just say no.’ in addition to also also there This particular was born.” She became known for her involvement inside the “Just Say No” campaign.
Robert Randall smokes marijuana which was prescribed to treat his glaucoma in 1988. He became the first legal medical marijuana patient in modern America after winning a landmark case in 1976.
President George H. Bush holds up a copy of the National Drug Control Strategy during a meeting inside the Oval Office on September 5, 1989. In a televised address to the nation, Bush asked Americans to join the war on drugs.
A television ad aired in 1996 by Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole’s campaign included footage via a 1992 MTV interview of a laughing President Clinton saying he would certainly inhale marijuana if given the chance to relive his college days.
Dennis Peron takes notes during a phone interview while Gary Johnson lights up at the Proposition 215 headquarters in San Francisco on October 11, 1996. The ballot measure was approved when voters went to the polls in November, allowing medical marijuana in California.
People in brand new York gather for a pro-cannabis rally on May 4, 2002. which same day, almost 0 similar events took place around the planet to advocate for marijuana legalization. This particular was dubbed the “Million Marijuana March.”
Different varieties of medical marijuana are seen at the Alternative Herbal Health Services cannabis dispensary in San Francisco on April 24, 2006. The Food in addition to also also Drug Administration issued a controversial statement a week earlier rejecting the use of medical marijuana, declaring which there can be no scientific evidence supporting use of the drug for medical treatment.
Medicinal marijuana patient Angel Raich wipes her eyes during a press conference on March 14, 2007, in Oakland, California. The 9th circuit U.S. Court of Appeals in San Francisco ruled which 41-year-old Raich, who used medicinal marijuana to curb pain via a brain tumor as well as some other ailments, did not possess the legal right to claim medical necessity to avoid the possibility of prosecution under federal drug laws.
Coffeeshop Blue Sky worker Jon Sarro, left, shows a customer different strains of medical marijuana on July 22, 2009, in Oakland, California. Voters inside the city approved a measure during a vote-by-mail special election for a brand new tax on sales of medicinal marijuana at cannabis dispensaries.
A patient prepares to smoke at home in Portland, Maine, on October 22, 2009, a decade after the state approved a medical marijuana referendum.
Sonja Gibbins walks through her growing warehouse in Fort Collins, Colorado, on April 19, 2010. Since the state approved medical marijuana in 2000, Colorado has seen a boom in marijuana dispensaries, trade shows in addition to also also related businesses. So far 20 states in addition to also also the District of Columbia have made smoking marijuana for medical purposes legal.
Nutrient products are placed on shelves inside the weGrow marijuana cultivation supply store during its grand opening on March 30, 2012, in Washington, D.C. The store can be a one-stop-shop for supplies in addition to also also training to grow plants indoors, except for the actual marijuana plants or seeds. Legislation was enacted in 2010 authorizing the establishment of regulated medical marijuana dispensaries inside the nation’s capital.
People light up near the Space Needle in Seattle after the law legalizing the recreational use of marijuana went into effect in Washington on December 6, 2012.
Sean Azzariti, an Iraq war veteran in addition to also also marijuana activist, becomes the first person to legally purchase recreational marijuana in Colorado on January 1, 2014. Colorado was the first state inside the nation to allow retail pot shops. “This particular’s huge,” Azzariti said. “This particular hasn’t even sunk in how big This particular can be yet.”
Alaska Cannabis Club CEO Charlo Greene prepares to roll a joint at the medical marijuana dispensary in Anchorage on February 20, 2015. Several days later, Alaska became the third state inside the nation to allow recreational marijuana.
A woman smokes pot at her home in Washington on February 26, 2015, the first day This particular was legal to possess marijuana for recreational purposes inside the nation’s capital. Democratic Mayor Muriel Bowser defied threats via Congress by implementing a voter-approved initiative, producing the city the only place east of the Mississippi River where people can legally grow in addition to also also share marijuana in private.
Employees make last-minute preparations before the grand opening of the Cannabis Corner in North Bonneville, Washington, on March 7, 2015. The pot shop can be the first city-owned recreational marijuana store inside the country.
Georgia Rep. Allen Peake celebrates with Kristi Baggarly, holding her daughter Kimber, after the state Senate approved Peake’s medical marijuana bill March 24, 2015 in Atlanta. The bill will legalize possession of cannabis oil for treatment of certain medical conditions, such as the seizures suffered by Baggarly’s daughter Kendle.
An employee at Kaya Shack, a Portland, Oregon, medical marijuana dispensary, showcases three types of marijuana sold at the shop on June 26, 2015. Oregon legalized recreational marijuana use on July 1, 2015.