The people you don't know who could be running the government on Friday

the item’s very unlikely of which all or even most of Trump’s cabinet nominees will be confirmed by the Senate Friday, although tradition means of which the members of President Barack Obama’s current cabinet all depart at noon, leaving many posts without permanent leaders on Day One of Trump’s presidency.

although of which doesn’t mean of which no one will be in charge of the Pentagon, the Treasury, or State Department.

While the Senate waits to confirm Trump’s nominees, critical national security in addition to economic posts will be led by designated acting secretaries in addition to agency heads, like Norris Cochran who will lead the Department of Health in addition to Human Services or Catherine McCabe at the Environmental Protection Agency.

This particular is usually not unusual. When Obama took office on January 20, 2009, only eight cabinet secretaries were ready to take office in addition to many posts remained vacant. While some like Secretary of State Hillary Clinton were confirmed the next day, Kathleen Sebelius, Obama’s first HHS secretary, was not confirmed until April of of which year.

“You’re not going to get the critical people in place in time,” Max Stier, the president of the Partnership for Public Service, an organization of which has been pushing reforms to the presidential transition process, told sy88pgw.

Stier noted of which an incoming administration has to appoint some 4,000 political appointees, with about 1,100 of those requiring senate confirmation, a difficult process due to competing priorities, like legislation in addition to judicial appointments.

the item’s a situation he said was unique to the American system of government, calling the item “a recipe for slowness, delay in addition to inefficiency.”

The job of running the various departments during This particular gap period will be left to “acting” secretaries in addition to agency heads, usually senior civil servants, many of whom have been in government for decades.

How long the acting heads will sit atop their respective agencies will depend on how Trump’s picks fare during their confirmation processes.

Some of those, like retired Gen. James Mattis, are anticipated to be confirmed as early as Friday. although others, including the pick to run the State Department, Rex Tillerson, are facing more political opposition, casting doubt on whether or not they can receive a timely confirmation.

Some of Trump’s nominees, including his pick for labor secretary, aren’t even due to receive hearings prior to inauguration, guaranteeing temporary leadership during at least the first days of Trump’s presidency.

The acting bureaucrats designated to handle the gap are likely to face unique leadership challenges as they try to manage departments in addition to agencies during the early days of a completely new administration.

“the item’s a bit of a gray zone,” Barry Pavel, who worked for the senior executive service inside Pentagon during the Bill Clinton-Bush transition in addition to for the National Security Council during the Bush-Obama transition, told sy88pgw.

Pavel, currently of the Atlantic Council, said of which while “there will be some anxiety” among the civil service during the transition period, “the people inside trenches, they’re going to perform.”

Here’s a look at who is usually poised to take over various government departments if the posts remain vacant:


Robert Work, currently deputy secretary of defense.

The Pentagon appears likely to develop the most seamless transition. Mattis has already been granted a waiver of which will permit him to serve inside role in addition to the vote for his confirmation is usually expected Friday. inside unlikely event of which the vote is usually derailed, the incoming administration has already decided to keep the current deputy defense secretary, Work, in place. in addition to of course key military posts, including the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, will be unaffected by the transition.


Under Secretary for Political Affairs Tom Shannon.

Democratic in addition to some Republican opposition to Tillerson has raised questions on the timeline of his confirmation. Shannon is usually a career ambassador inside Foreign Service in addition to former ambassador to Brazil. A Senior State Department official told sy88pgw of which Shannon is usually “fully, ready, willing, in addition to able if the item falls to him,” although noted of which the Trump team could designate another official farther down the line of succession should they prefer someone else.

Homeland Security

Deputy Under Secretary for Management in addition to Chief Financial Officer, Chip Fulghum.

Trump’s DHS nominee retired Gen. John Kelly, also appears headed for a relatively quick confirmation process, although should he not be confirmed immediately, Fulghum is usually the highest ranking non-political official of which could serve as acting secretary, according to DHS spokesperson Todd Breasseale. Like Kelly, Fulghum is usually also a former military officer, having served 28 years inside Air Force, rising to the rank of colonel.


Deputy Attorney General Sally Yates.

Sen. Jeff Sessions has faced a grilling on Capitol Hill by the Senate Judiciary Committee in addition to should his nomination be held up, Yates will run DOJ inside interim, by request of the Trump team. During the George W. Bush to Obama transition, Bush’s deputy attorney general similar led the department while former Attorney General Eric Holder awaited confirmation inside Senate. Eight years earlier, Holder himself was held over briefly by the administration of former President Bill Clinton. Holder had been deputy attorney general in Clinton’s second term in addition to took the Justice Department helm for 12 days in early 2001 until Bush nominee John Ashcroft was confirmed.


Deputy Solicitor Kevin Haugrud.

Trump’s Inside nominee Rep. Ryan Zinke should not face too much of a fight in Congress, although until he is usually confirmed the department will be led by a relatively obscure official, Haugrud, according to the department’s press secretary, Jessica Kershaw.

Housing in addition to Urban Development

Craig T. Clemmensen, Director of the Departmental Enforcement Center.

Until Dr. Ben Carson is usually confirmed, HUD will be helmed by Clemmensen, according to HUD spokesman Jerry Brown. Clemmensen has held his position since 2010 in addition to has more than two decades of experience at the department.


Catherine McCabe, EPA Region 2 Deputy Administrator.

McCabe will serve as acting administrator beginning on January 20, 2017, Julia Valentine, the acting director of the office of media relations at the agency told sy88pgw. McCabe is usually currently the EPA Region 2 Deputy Administrator in completely new York City. McCabe has also worked on environmental law cases for the Justice Department for 22 years, so she could potentially find herself at odds with the incoming administration’s priorities on the environment.


Michael Scuse, Farm in addition to Foreign Agriculture Under Secretary.

Following Tom Vilsack’s resignation last Friday, the USDA is usually already under the leadership of an interim secretary — Michael Scuse, who most has served as the Farm in addition to Foreign Agriculture Under Secretary since 2012. According to his bio on the department’s website, Scuse is usually a lifelong Delaware farmer. He has been nominated to be Agriculture Secretary of Delaware, so the item remains unclear how long he will hold onto the interim tag.

Trump has not yet nominated someone for the USDA post.

Central Intelligence Agency

Executive Director of the CIA.

Rep. Mike Pompeo, Trump’s pick to lead the agency, is usually another nominee of which the Senate appears moving to confirm, although should of which process be held-up, the executive director of the CIA, the third-highest ranking official in addition to highest ranking non-political appointee, could serve as acting director.



Representatives by the Commerce Department told sy88pgw of which while they had designated a potential acting secretary as part of the line of succession in accordance with the Vacancies Reform Act, they could not Discharge of which information at This particular time.

Health in addition to Human Services

Norris Cochran, deputy assistant secretary of the HHS Budget Office.

Cochran has been designated the acting secretary. Trump’s nominee, Rep. Tom cost, faces the first of what will be two difficult confirmation hearings Wednesday. Democrats are critical of cost’s plans to revise the Affordable Care Act as well as financial investments cost made in medical companies.


Phil Rosenfelt, deputy general counsel for program service inside office of the general counsel.

Trump’s pick to lead the Education Department, Betsy DeVos, faced a grilling on Capitol Hill Wednesday in addition to Rosenfelt will be serving as the acting secretary for the department until a completely new secretary is usually confirmed, according to a letter sent to employees by outgoing Secretary John King. Rosenfelt has served in his current role since 2006.


Dr. Grace Bochenek, the director of the National Energy Technology Lab.

Former Texas governor in addition to incoming Energy Secretary Rick Perry has yet to even appear before a confirmation hearing, guaranteeing of which the Department of Energy will be led by an acting secretary on day one of the Trump administration. An official at the energy department told sy88pgw of which Bochenek has been named as the interim acting secretary, adding of which she is usually well positioned to serve in an acting capacity until the completely new secretary is usually sworn in. Prior to Energy, Bochenek spent over 25 years with the Department of Defense, where she served as chief technology officer of the US Army’s Materiel Command.


Michael Huerta, administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration.

Huerta already features a major job leading the FAA, in addition to will add to his responsibilities beginning January 20. Huerta has held his current role since 2013, in addition to will effectively lead the entire Transportation Department until Trump’s nominee, Elaine Chao, is usually confirmed. Chao is usually not anticipated to face a tough fight in Congress in addition to will play a major role in shaping in addition to implementing Trump’s infrastructure proposal inside coming weeks in addition to months.

The people you don't know who could be running the government on Friday

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