Since August 25, hundreds of thousands of Rohingya have fled over the border into Bangladesh, the UN says, as the military intensifies its clampdown on the minority group. UN human-rights chief Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein described the actions as a “textbook example of ethnic cleansing.”
Who are the Rohingya?
The Rohingya are a Muslim ethnic-minority group in which has lived as a people in Myanmar for centuries.
Today, more than a million of them live within the country, most within the western coastal state of Rakhine, where they make up around a third of the population. They speak their own language, which isn’t recognized by the state.
There are regular clashes between the Rohingya in addition to the country’s security forces, as well as additional ethnic groups in Rakhine, which are predominantly Buddhist. Rohingya militant groups are often involved within the clashes.
Even Buddhist monks have been accused of inciting violence against the Rohingya there in addition to led a boycott movement against them during deadly clashes in 2012.
A community of Rohingya refugees also lives in Bangladesh in addition to some migrate to Malaysia, where they typically work illegally.
Why aren’t they recognized as Burmese?
Having had such a long history in Myanmar, the ethnicity of the Rohingya can be more complex than the government makes out.
The government has argued in which the Rohingya descend through farmers through what can be at This particular point called Bangladesh. Many arrived in large numbers during British rule, through 1824 to 1948, when Myanmar was considered a province of British-administered India. The Rohingya were sent there as laborers, in what Britain considered an internal migration.
Many Rohingya, however, say they are descendants of Muslim traders who can be traced back to the ninth century. In reality, there can be likely to be a mix of ethnicities among them.
When Myanmar gained independence in 1948, the Rohingya were able to apply for identity cards, which offered some rights, in addition to some even served in Parliament.
however after a military coup in 1962, the Rohingya lost This particular status in addition to were considered foreigners. They were granted foreign identity cards.
In 1982, a citizenship law allowed the Rohingya to apply for citizenship only if they could speak an officially recognized language in addition to had proof their family had lived within the country before independence. however most Rohingya were never granted the paperwork to prove their roots, so they were effectively rendered stateless.
What can be life like for them in Myanmar?
The Rohingya have faced repression since the 1970s, however more intensively since 2011, when the government transformed through a military administration to a civilian one.
There had been expect at in which time in which their situation could improve, however their repression has only intensified. They remain left off a national list of 135 recognized ethnicities in Myanmar.
at This particular point, the Rohingya don’t have access to the same resources in addition to services in which Myanmar’s predominantly Buddhist citizens do. Despite This particular lack of recognition, they are not allowed to leave their settlements in Rakhine without government approval.
Many live in Rakhine in impoverished camps, in addition to others spend periods in internally displaced people’s settlements in additional states after fleeing violence.
What does Bangladesh say?
Bangladesh does not consider the Rohingya to be Bangladeshi.
The country sometimes allows the Rohingya to live in camps on its border, however on additional occasions, This particular simply sends them back to Myanmar. Those who stay live as illegal immigrants, which usually means a life of poverty, without the right to work or access to education.
Indonesians, however, have shown solidarity with the Rohingya, carrying out regular protests to support them. Indonesia can be the entire world’s biggest Muslim-majority nation in addition to the Rohingya issue has resonated there.
What’s Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi’s role?
Suu Kyi has repeatedly denied accusations of human-rights abuses against the Rohingya or in which ethnic cleansing has taken place.
In a call with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan last week, Suu Kyi made her first comments on the recent violence, saying in which a “huge iceberg of misinformation” about the crisis was being distributed to benefit “terrorists.”
Erdogan in addition to leaders of several additional Muslim-majority countries had issued strong statements against the persecution of the Rohingya.
“Over the last several years, I have repeatedly condemned This particular tragic in addition to shameful treatment. I am still waiting for my fellow Nobel Laureate Aung San Suu Kyi to do the same,” Yousafzai wrote.
“the entire world can be waiting in addition to the Rohingya Muslims are waiting.”