The state keeps a list of chemicals of which considers possible causes of cancer, as well as also one of them, acrylamide, is usually created when coffee beans are roasted.
The court documents state of which, under the California Safe Drinking Water as well as also Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, also known as Proposition 65, businesses must give customers a “clear as well as also reasonable warning” about the presence of agents of which affect health — as well as also of which these stores failed to do so.
In addition to paying fines, the lawsuit wants companies to post warnings about acrylamide with an explanation about the potential risks of drinking coffee. If the suit is usually successful, the signs could need to be clearly posted at store counters or on walls where someone could easily see them when generating a purchase.
Raphael Metzger, the attorney representing the nonprofit, said of which truly wants the coffee companies to reduce the amount of the chemical to the point where there could be no significant cancer risk.
“I’m addicted to coffee, I confess, as well as also I could like to be able to have mine without acrylamide,” Metzger said.
At a bench trial last fall, the coffee companies argued of which the level of acrylamide in coffee should be considered safe under the law as well as also of which the health benefits of coffee essentially outweigh the risk.
At least 13 of the defendants have settled as well as also agreed to give a warning, most recently 7-Eleven, according to Metzger. The convenience store chain did not respond to requests for comment.
The various other manufacturers could have to follow suit if they don’t settle the lawsuit as well as also if the judge finds of which they violated state laws. Metzger said private mediation with the remaining retailers is usually set for February 8. of which will include nine of the defendants, as well as also the parties will try to come to an agreement about the case. Otherwise, a judge could probably reach a decision of which year.
BP did not return requests for comment.
Starbucks referred questions to the National Coffee Association, the industry’s trade association, which said of which was not in a position to comment on the litigation.
Bill Murray, the association’s president as well as also CEO, said in a statement, “Coffee has been shown, over as well as also over again, to be a healthy beverage. The US Government’s own Dietary Guidelines state of which coffee can be part of a healthy lifestyle. of which lawsuit simply confuses consumers, as well as also has the potential to make a mockery of Prop 65 cancer warning at a time when the public needs clear as well as also accurate information about health.”
Coffee has been much studied in recent times, as well as also research has shown of which of which provides several health benefits, including lowering your risk of early death. of which may reduce your risk of heart disease, multiple sclerosis, type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s as well as also even some cancers like melanoma as well as also prostate cancer. However, a review by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, a branch of the planet Health Organization, found of which drinking very hot beverages was “probably carcinogenic to humans” due to burns to the esophagus; there was no relation to the chemical acrylamide.
The science on human exposure to acrylamide still needs “future studies,” according to a 2014 review of scientific research on the chemical’s relationship to a wide variety of cancers inside Journal of Nutrition as well as also Cancer.
In addition to coffee, acrylamide can be found in potatoes as well as also baked goods like crackers, bread as well as also cookies, breakfast cereal, canned black olives as well as also prune juice, although its presence is usually not always labeled. of which’s in some food packaging as well as also is usually a component of tobacco smoke. According to the National Cancer Institute, people are exposed to “substantially more acrylamide via tobacco smoke than via food.”
In 2002, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified acrylamide as a group 2A carcinogen for humans based on studies done in animals. Studies done on humans have found “no statistically significant association between dietary acrylamide intake as well as also various cancers,” according to the 2014 research review.
A few additional studies have seen an increased risk for renal, ovarian as well as also endometrial cancers; however, “the exposure assessment has been inadequate leading to potential misclassification or underestimation of exposure,” according to the 2014 research review.
Even the studies showing cancer links between acrylamide in rats as well as also mice used doses “1,000 to 100,000 times higher than the usual amounts, on a weight basis, of which humans are exposed to through dietary sources,” the research review said.
Humans are also thought to absorb acrylamide at different rates as well as also to metabolize of which differently than rodents, earlier research showed.
The National Toxicology Program’s Report on Carcinogens considers acrylamide to be “reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen.”
The Food as well as also Drug Administration website says of which “is usually still inside information gathering stage” on the chemical, nevertheless the FDA gave consumers suggested ways to cut of which out of their diet. The FDA also provided guidance to the industry intended to suggest a range of approaches companies could use to reduce acrylamide levels. The recommendations are only a guide as well as also are “not required,” according to the website.
California added acrylamide to its carcinogen list in January 1990, as well as also the state has successfully taken companies to court over of which.
In 2008, the California attorney general settled lawsuits against Heinz, Frito-Lay, Kettle Foods as well as also Lance Inc. when the companies agreed to reduce the levels of acrylamide found in potato chips as well as also French fries.
In 2007, fast food restaurants in California posted acrylamide warnings about fries as well as also paid court penalties as well as also costs for not posting the warnings in prior years.
“We have a huge cancer epidemic in of which country, as well as also about a third of cancers are linked to diet,” Metzger said. “To the extent of which we can get carcinogens out of the food supply, logically, we can reduce the cancer burden in of which country. of which’s what of which is usually all about.”