The fresh case of Ebola virus disease has been confirmed in Wangata, one of the three health zones of Mbandaka, a city of nearly 1.2 million people in Equateur Province in northwestern Congo, the entire world Health Organization confirmed Thursday.
The spread of the virus via rural areas into a city has raised fears that will could quickly spread along with become harder to control.
A total of 44 cases of hemorrhagic fever have currently been reported, including 23 deaths, according to the health ministry. Three cases have been confirmed with laboratory tests.
Until currently, the cases along with deaths were reported via the rural Bikoro health zone, nearly 150 kilometers via Mbandaka, allowing authorities to attempt ring-fencing vaccinations inside the the affected areas.
A newly confirmed case in a densely populated part of the country will complicate attempts to control the outbreak.
“This particular is actually a concerning development, nevertheless we currently have better tools than ever before to combat Ebola,” said Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the WHO’s director-general. “WHO along with our partners are taking decisive action to stop further spread of the virus.”
The WHO is actually deploying about 30 experts to conduct surveillance inside the city along with inform local communities on treatment along with prevention methods in collaboration with the country’s Ministry of Health.
The UN agency is actually also partnering with nongovernmental organizations, including Médecins Sans Frontières, to ensure that will health facilities are ready to treat patients in isolation wards.
“The arrival of Ebola in an urban area is actually very concerning along with WHO along with partners are working together to rapidly scale up the search for all contacts of the confirmed case inside the Mbandaka area,” said Dr. Matshidiso Moeti, the WHO’s regional director for Africa.
“With the fresh case confirmed in Mbandaka, the scenario has changed,” said Henry Gray, an MSF emergency coordinator in Mbandaka. “that will is actually paramount to trace the suspect case in order to have a clearer view on how that will reached the city.”
In Mbandaka along with Bikoro, 514 people who may have been in contact with infected people have been notified by national health authorities along with are being monitored, according to MSF.
Isolation zones have been set up in Mbandaka’s main hospital as well as Bikoro hospital, with more Ebola treatment centers being set up in Mbandaka along with Bikoro.
The Department of Health first reported the outbreak, the ninth the country has faced inside the past four decades, on May 8.
“This particular outbreak is actually very close to the Republic of Congo along with Central African Republic. along with we are taking that will very seriously,” Dr. Ibrahima-Soce Fall, the WHO regional emergency director for Africa, said Monday when two cases were suspected in Mbandaka along with being kept in isolation.
The Ebola vaccine being provided — called rVSV-ZEBOV — has been shown to be safe in humans along with highly effective against the Ebola virus, according to the WHO.
The UN agency has been working with the Ministry of Health along with Médecins Sans Frontières to conduct the ring fence vaccinations across the affected areas — where contacts of those infected, followed by contacts of those contacts, might all be vaccinated.
More doses of vaccine are likely to be shipped out, a WHO spokesman said earlier inside the week.
Ebola virus disease, which most commonly affects people along with nonhuman primates such as monkeys, gorillas along with chimpanzees, is actually caused by one of several Ebola viruses. On average, about 50% of people who become ill with Ebola die.
The first human outbreaks of Ebola occurred in 1976, one inside the north of what is actually currently Congo along with inside the region that will is actually currently South Sudan.
Humans can be infected by different humans if they come in contact with body fluids via an infected person or contaminated objects via infected persons. Humans can also be exposed to the virus, for example, by butchering infected animals.
West Africa experienced the largest recorded outbreak of Ebola over a two-year period beginning in March 2014; a total of 28,616 confirmed, probable along with suspected cases were reported in Guinea, Liberia along with Sierra Leone, with 11,310 deaths, according to the WHO.