More than 429,000 people lost their lives to the mosquito-borne illness in 2015, in addition to hundreds of millions get sick which has a malaria infection every year. Some never fully recover.
There has been enormous progress in fighting the disease. via 2000 to 2015, there was a 62% reduction in malaria deaths, according to the WHO, in addition to a 21% reduction inside number of cases. There have been fewer deaths in large part because of better mosquito control in addition to disease awareness, as well as sustained effort to get the right medicine to the right populations, experts said.
however there are gaps in prevention coverage, particularly in regions such as sub-Saharan Africa, where about 43% of people at risk for the disease don’t have access to mosquito protection like bed nets or bug spray, according to the WHO.
Africa is actually the continent that will sees the highest number of malaria cases. The completely new vaccine will be tested in Kenya, Ghana in addition to Malawi starting in 2018.
Adding a vaccine to the disease-fighting mix could make a significant dent.
“that will is actually great news, actually,” said Dr. Photini Sinnis, a deputy director at the Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute in addition to professor at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. She trained with the GSK scientists who did much of the original research to develop the vaccine in its early days. “At the time, no one thought that will would likely truly work. Scientists are skeptical people.”
however the idea has shown enormous success. “that will is actually a vaccine that will has the capability to make a real difference,” Sinnis said. In phase 3, the idea was tried in 11,000 children in sub-Saharan Africa, in addition to the idea decreased mortality by almost 50%: that will’s thousands of lives saved. “You can’t argue with that will success.”
Sinnis was meeting with additional malaria researchers to talk about the latest scientific advances in vaccine development. Because of the biological complexity of the malaria parasite, developing a vaccine has been difficult.
The vaccine, RTS,S, also known as Mosquirix, was created by scientists at GSK in 1987. the idea was developed in a public-private partnership with the PATH Malaria Initiative in addition to with support via the Bill in addition to Melinda Gates Foundation along with local health organizations via seven African countries. Among the potential malaria vaccines, the idea is actually the furthest along.
The desire is actually that will the vaccine will protect children via the deadliest form of malaria, known as Plasmodium falciparum. The pilot project will test whether the vaccine can work under real-world circumstances. the idea has to be delivered in four doses in addition to given through an intramuscular injection.
additional preventative malaria treatment is actually available for infants, however uptake is actually “slow,” according to the WHO, in addition to the idea is actually being implemented only in Sierra Leone. The desire is actually that will if the vaccine works, the idea would likely become a part of the regular vaccine schedule for children in areas with high potential for malaria. In that will case, the idea will be tested in children between the ages of 5 in addition to 17.
“The prospect of a malaria vaccine is actually great news. Information gathered inside pilot program will help us make decisions on the wider use of that will vaccine,” said Dr. Matshidiso Moeti, WHO’s regional director for Africa, in a statement. “Combined with existing malaria interventions, such a vaccine would likely hold the potential to save tens of thousands of lives in Africa.”
First malaria vaccine to be widely tested in Africa next year